THE FORGOTTEN SQUADRON. AN UNFORGETTABLE EPISODE.

My Grandad didn’t like to talk about his experiences during the war but he did write them down. I thought I’d share his personal account of an unforgettable episode in the conflict with Japan during the Second World War.

We think this occurred in October 1944 in the Gulf of Martaban, Burma (Myanmar).

Sgt. R.E.S. Moore

I reported to 354 Squadron and was crewed -up as a replacement gunner in a crew who were all Canadians. The rest of the crew had already completed about 100 hours of operations so I was always ready to fly as a spare-bod in order to finish my tour at the same time as the rest of the crew.

The squadron carried out two main types of operation. A-Flight conducted low-level bombing and machine-gunning attacks against coastal shipping. B-Flight were mainly engaged upon convoy escort and anti-submarine duties. My crew was in A-Flight but I flew as a spare on several operations with B-Flight crews. Our operations were usually of 10 to 16 hours duration, the longest I did was 22 hours to Singapore where our bomb-load was a single 2501b. bomb. This trip involved five aircraft whereas the usual number was one or two, four of the five were lost on the run-in. During an operation we gunners would change positions every two hours, rotating between rear turret, beam position, nose turret and mid-upper turret.


On operations, we wore a light jungle suit, battle dress top, head set and throat mike, Maewest, parachute harness and a baseball-cap. I don’t know why we wore baseball caps but everybody wore them, it must have been the Canadian influence, the jungle suit was a very light sidcot with a lot of pockets which contained our “survival” kit in case we were shot down.

We had:

  • water purifying tablets
  • a magnifying glass to use to make a fire
  • fishing line( no rod )
  • shark repellant dye
  • a commando knife
  • a machete
  • a compass
  • and we carried a .38 revolver.

Towards the end of our tour we were briefed to attack a target off Cox’s Bazaar on the Arekan Coast the japs were shipping petrol in lighters towed by small paddle steamers. We arrived at first light and shot them up from an altitude of about 50 ft. and they blew up. The steamer had a light machine-gun similar to a Lewis gun for defence but as we approached everyone dived overboard, I don’t blame them either.

The next day another crew was short of a gunner and asked me to stand- in, I was about 30 hours behind my crew so agreed to go with them. We went to the same place at the same time with the same result.

The following day my crew was detailed for operations and at briefing, sure enough, it was the same time same place. It was our 2nd Pilot’s wedding anniversary and he was apprehensive so asked if there was any chance of fighter cover. He was told in no uncertain terms that there would be no request for fighter cover for a single Liberator.

As we were approaching the target at about 50ft. we were attacked by three Zekes (Zeros), they came in line ahead and as we were so low they had to break away upwards which made them a relatively easy target. We shot down the first two then our skipper said “we are going-in” no formal Dinghy Dinghy business. I was in the mid-upper turret and was halfway down from it when we hit the water and I was pitched forward. Seven of us were in the water with the dinghy deployed when the last of the Zekes gunned us in the water killing the pilot and the 2nd. pilot, after three passes it flew off. The rest of us got into the dinghy and started paddling towards the shore which was about a mile away. Progress was very slow so I got into the water and started swimming pushing the dinghy, it wasn’t until I got back to camp that I was told that there were sharks in those waters.

We reached the shore, as we were pulling the dinghy up the beach we heard shouts in the bush (it was bush, not jungle) and ten men in Japanese garb carrying rifles with bayonets appeared. I think that they must have been Koreans as they were very big, over 6ft. tall we couldn’t understand them but they got their message across with their rifles and bayonets. They took us into the bush to a track where they had a lorry parked. We were put into the lorry with the help of rifle butts and they drove off.

We were driven for one and a half or two days non-stop except for when the guards needed a comfort stop, then we were allowed out for the same purpose. Finally, we arrived at a prison camp at Tavoy in South Burma.

The commander was a Major Ipsui and the second in command was Captain Shintu, after the war, I read in the paper that they had both been tried for war crimes, including shooting eight Australians in front of their own graves, and executed by hanging.

We were taken from the truck into the compound, it was just a compound with no gates, wire or watch towers just a bamboo screen. In the compound were two wooden stakes with two naked P.O.W’s. tied to them with barbed wire and left in the sun.

They took us into a basha on our own, it had no furniture at all and we were given nothing to eat or drink until the next day. We were then given a small mug of water and some revolting stew of some sort of meat I think. At intervals, a Jap came in and asked us where we came from and what squadron. Although it turned out that they knew we were from 354, where it was stationed and the name of our CO.

On the third day, we were sitting on the floor, our Flight Engineer (a rather large Anglo-Indian ) was sitting under the window which was just a hole in the wall which could be covered by a bamboo flap. The guard put his head in through the window and the F/E reached up and grasped him by the neck and pulled him in through the window! I don’t know if he was dead or merely stunned but he lay there very still. We were surprised that he had done such a foolish thing (in retrospect it was not so silly) but we went out through the window, pushed our way through the bamboo screen of the compound and ran as fast as we could until we reached some vegetation and on and on until we reached the jungle. We kept going until we could go no further then rested overnight before continuing.

We kept going running and walking for six or seven days and were nearing the end of our tether. We had very little to eat or drink and it was difficult to sleep in the jungle with the noise and the biting insects, we decided that we would have to ask the Burmese for help. Back on the squadron, we had been told that if we came to a river and followed it upstream it would lead us to a village. Coming to a river we went upstream until we came to a village, we were approached by an old Burmese man and our Anglo-Indian F/E was able to make him understand that we needed help.

The old man took us to a basha and indicated that we should go inside, he stayed outside. Inside we found a Jap officer (the Japs used to leave an officer in charge of occupied villages to keep order and check on crops etc.) He drew his revolver and started ushering us towards a cell at the rear of the basha. As we were going along the corridor somebody called out “shoot him”, I was at the back of the crew just in front of the Jap, I turned around and kicked him as hard as I could in the groin. The rest of the crew joined in hitting and kicking him beating him until he lay still then we ran out of the basha.

Outside there was no sign of the Burmese man, which was just as well as there is no knowing what we might have done to him, but there was a vehicle similar to a jeep with several cans of petrol in the back. We all piled into it, I got into the passenger seat, then came to the big anti-climax none of us could drive. My father had had a car before the war and I had a vague idea of what he did so I fiddled about for a while and got it moving. We travelled for a long time in bottom gear before I managed to operate the gear lever and changeup. We were able to travel for many miles as the track was not too bad and we had the cans of petrol. Eventually, we ran out of petrol and had to start walking again.

Newspaper cutting


After a day or day and a half, we saw a military camp but we stayed hidden in the bush because we were not certain whether it belonged to friend or enemy. Some Indian soldiers appeared but we stayed hidden as there were more Indians fighting for the Japs than for us. Eventually, we saw an English officer and made our presence known.


We were such a motley looking crew with an unlikely story that we were kept in the cells while Calcutta and our base were contacted to establish our bona fides. This done we were taken by lorry to Calcutta and flown back to Cuttack. Back at base we spent one night in hospital, I had gone from 10 stone down to 7 stone most of which was put down to dehydration.

During debriefing, I made very clear my views about being sent to the same place at the same time three days in succession. An officer took exception to this and I was put on a charge- conduct prejudicial to good order and discipline etc. etc.

The next day I was taken before the CO. who congratulated me on my safe return and told me that I was being recommended for an award. He then tore a strip off the officer who had charged me. I said that I wasn’t concerned about any decoration but was still very upset that five of my friends had been killed because of a lack of forethought and commonsense. The CO. then dismissed the charge.

Grandad High Ercall Salop 1945

COVID-19: A Pause for Global Dimming?

The sky is so clear today, isn’t it?

Global Dimming is an interesting phenomenon.

The effects of contrails and black carbon in the air are thought to block the sun rays coming to earth and therefore reduce the greenhouse effect. The last time we saw such a restriction in contrails was just after 9/11 which could have been the reason for a mean increase in land temperature at that time.

Looks like we’re getting another experiment.

There is even some evidence to link the cleaning up of Scandinavia’s air in the mid 80’s to be responsible for changing weather patterns over Africa and causing the Ethiopian drought that brought about Live Aid.

Read more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_dimming and the

Horizon transcript here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/sn/tvradio/programmes/horizon/dimming_trans.shtml

In the news!

Nice to get an honourable mention on the London Cycling Campaign website thanks to my active travel campaigning:

CW9 takes another big step forward.Read in full.

And thanks to the local newspapers for publishing my articles:

Warren Farm, a nature reserve under threat. Read in full.

How Ealing Half Marathon inspired me to run. Read in full.

Ealing Cyclists Bring Water to Masai. Read in full.

The Guardian’s take on our Banksy. Read in full.

Darren Moore – London Green Party MEP candidate

Darren Moore Green Party MEP Nomination

The European project is one of the greatest movements of our time and has been responsible for implementing some incredible Green initiatives like improving our water and air quality, reducing working hours and tracking and reducing our CO2 emissions.

With our planet sending us louder distress signals almost daily there has never been a more urgent time for working together to transform society to meet our climate emergency.

If humanity is going to overcome its greatest challenge to date, it is essential we work together. I intend to do everything possible to keep this project together for the greater good of humanity, that means marketing its benefits better and also examining our divisions and tackling the inequality in society that has led to such feelings of unrest.

I am a trained Earth Scientist (Geology and Geophysics) with a deep understanding of the Earth’s physical processes and environmental science. I really appreciate nature and love to be outdoors and I’m currently enjoying the conflicts and challenges of finding nature in the City in Ealing.

I am an early supporter of the London National Park City Initiative. I support Ealing Transition and run a team of Soup Kitchen volunteers once every 6 weeks. I am also a trustee of Cultivate London a social enterprise that encourages access to nature in the City.

By day I run a boutique marketing company in Chiswick, enjoying the benefits of living and working locally – cycling through many of Ealing’s green parks as part of my day to day life. My job involves helping local, National and European businesses understand the UK market, and therefore understand how to make persuasive arguments that resonate with the population.

I will bring my energy, experience, and enthusiasm and also marketing know-how to the Green Party’s election campaign to reach out and touch as many potential voters as possible with our key values of community-based economics, social justice and sustainability.

My message is of hope and to dream of making London, the United Kingdom and Europe not only a better place to live and work but one that comes together to halt the upcoming climate catastrophe.

We’re not done yet.

Your Green Party candidate in Northfield Ward, Ealing.

Northfield Ward Ealing Council Elections are being held 3rd May 2018.

I believe that Ealing Council needs a green voice to ensure the council:

  1. Protects its green spaces.
  2. Considers the local environment to protect its residents.
  3. Is more transparent about planning decisions and ensures local development considers its impact on the local environment

In May 2018 I urge us all to think locally and elect a Green councillor in Ealing to make Northfields a better place to live.

Business as usual in Northfields would mean the usual battle between Conservatives and Labour squabbling about who will clean the streets better; a vote for a Green councillor will help focus on transparent positive change.

I pledge to find new and innovative ways to tackle:

  1. Air pollution: I will focus on encouraging active travel by improving the streets for pedestrians and cyclists.
  2. Tackle plastic: I will push the council to go plastic free and work on local initiatives to reduce plastic waste.
  3. Support local businesses: Local businesses and the local economy are vital for Northfields to thrive, I will work with local businesses to promote them and encourage residents to live and work locally.

There are three votes in the local elections in Northfield Ward make sure one of those votes is Green.

On a bigger scale, the Green Party and their representatives can always be relied upon to oppose Brexit, back Climate Change by opposing the expansion of airports like Heathrow, and fight to protect the natural world we love. Read our full manifesto here.


Darren Moore is a trained Earth Scientist (Geology and Geophysics) with a deep understanding of the Earth’s physical processes and environmental science. He loves nature and loves to be outdoors and is currently enjoying the conflicts and challenges of finding nature in the City. You’ll often see him walking and cycling about Ealing taking his two children to school. He runs a local marketing business, enjoys teaching local children coding and chess, regularly runs a team at Ealing Soup Kitchen and plays in local band Power, Corruption and Lies. More details at the Ealing Green Party

Carbon Emissions 2017

And here it is, the long-awaited 2017 Carbon Footprint calculation!

Using our utility bills, car and rail mileage, the Climate Care calculator, the lame Virgin Rail Footprint calculator, the excellent SCNF one and NEF‘s I have calculated that our family’s footprint is about 11 tonnes.

To put this in perspective 11 tonnes is the same amount of CO2 emitted as  one business class flight to Australia.

This is broken down in the graph.

Electricity 2.13
Gas 2.83
Food 2.10
Clothes/Stuff 1.00
Car 1.51
Holidays 1.37
Total 10.94

This is down from 12.22 last year ( despite adding in stuff and food) because of our greener holiday choices, and more use of train travel.  Electricity usage is down slightly thanks to switching entirely to LED lightbulbs and being more careful, gas slightly down too probably just due to weather variations, although the Hive may have helped by allowing us to remotely switch on and off our hot water. Food and clothes emissions are still difficult to reliably calculate although we have made progress with our flexitarian choices, reducing our beef consumption and eating more non-farmed fish.

There’s a great graph here to help with food choices:

This graph from Business Insider also has a great breakdown of the explanations behind the food emissions calculations.

Our next step is to really try and work on our domestic gas usage – so double glazing is next on the list.

 

Here is 2016’s breakdown.

Let’s help give Chiswick back it’s villagey feel

The traffic along the High Road in Chiswick ruins the lovely villagey character and cafe culture that Chiswick once had. Sitting outside the High Road Brasserie I’m struggling to hear my companion over the noise of a truck accelerating past and the delicate flavours of my blueberry pancakes spoilt by the taste of diesel fumes in the air.

How will we ever return Chiswick to calmer more civilised place for humans?
Well good news – Will Norman and TFL have the answer. Through their mini-Hollands programme, they have managed to tame Kingston and car controlled Walthamstow and make them clean, green and spaces fit for humans to live, breath and unwind in.

TFL has the bold goal to make 80% of all trips in London by foot or by cycle which also has the side-effect of removing the noise and pollution of cars and trucks from our London streets. The side effect of these schemes and #CS9, in particular, is that ‘rat-running’ cars, on the increase now thanks to the WAZE and Google Maps apps, will be cut off and blocked from racing down our side-streets to cut through to the A4.

Already in central London 460,000 km are cycled every day – imagine how London would feel if these 150,000 daily trips were carried out by car rather than by cycle?

Cycle Superhighway 9 is just a tiny part of a bigger brighter safer and greener future for Chiswick and given the predicted increases in population and traffic in London, endorsing and supporting TFL’s vision for a nicer Chiswick is the only way we might return to the Chiswick we all want to work and live in.

TFL need your responses to their consultation before the end of October. Have your say here – and vote yes:
its go-ahead depends on you.

Following on from the debate about #CS9 at the George IV on Tuesday 17th October I’ve been thinking about the following points.

  1. The general consensus that Chiswick is happy to have a cycle lane just not along the High Road.
    If the cycleway doesn’t follow the High Street then there will be no reduction in the cycling casualties along the High Street and people will continue to be seriously injured and die along this stretch of road.

    People are dying and being seriously injured every year on the Chiswick High Road.

    Not only that but if the goals for increasing the number of journeys by walking and cycling are to be met then ultimately we will need to end up with high-quality cycleways along the Uxbridge, the A4 and the High Road. #CS9 is a very positive and simple start in the right direction.

  2. That TFL had specified the wrong type of road for the Cycle Superhighway along the High Road.
    TFL’s guide to cycling infrastructure was interpreted during the meeting that it recommended white lines painted on the road in a High Street setting. What the audience failed to understand, was that although people still think of Chiswick High Road as a High Street it is actually an incredibly busy road with hundreds of thousands of car journeys per week. This means the design warrants the segregated cycleway approach as it is the only way to safeguard its users.  In fact, even the original blue painted Cycle Superhighways were as dangerous – the only way to save cyclists from the risk of serious injury and death is to segregate them in space and time.
  3. That a Cycle Superhighway will have the wrong type of people speeding through Chiswick on their way elsewhere and will spoil the villagey atmosphere.
    I cycle to work in Chiswick from Ealing along this route. I am courteous and obey the traffic laws. I cycle in my normal work clothes to and from a number of local businesses along the High Road and my colleagues take the same route to work by bicycle as well. The High Road is often full of very busy, aggressive car and van drivers who are rushing through Chiswick to get to a destination elsewhere. These car and van drivers often break the law by using the mobile phones at the wheel and jumping red traffic lights. These people and the road that already divides the High Road makes a previously peaceful and green place feel grey, urban, polluted and dirty. As the figures and illustrations  just taking hundreds of cars off the road will create a more peaceful, less polluted, more human-friendly environment.  Safe and segregated cycling infrastructure is proven to do this across London and the World.

 

There were also three very strange but obviously genuine fears from the local community:

  1. A lot of roads in Chiswick are 20 mph and there is no way of policing speeding cyclists.
    There are three answers to this point:
    a. It is actually quite difficult and energy consuming to cycle at sustained speeds above 20mph and would be impossible along this route – most cyclists hit 15mph at a peak around town and it’s only possible to sustain speeds greater than 20mph for long journeys without the stop-start of city cycling.
    b. The route for the cycleway is along the High Road which has a 30mph speed limit.
    c. I’m pretty sure everybody who lives in Chiswick, bike users and pedestrians alike would love the 20mph limit to be policed but unfortunately, the Police rarely prosecute car drivers for breaking this limit let alone the less dangerous bike users.
  2. The TFL scheme is very expensive and cyclists should pay for it.
    The entire route (from Olympia to Hounslow) would cost £70 million which is funded by TFL, not the tax-payer. To put this in perspective, the new Power Road bridge on the South Circular is costing half this at £35 million just for one bridge that is about 25 meters long.
  3. Cyclists are currently cycling on the pavement and this is very dangerous.
    It does appear that cycling on the pavement is becoming more prevalent and is something that as someone who cycles I have previously been very critical of. However, since the risk this poses to pedestrians is insignificant compared to the numbers of pedestrians struck by cars whilst they are on the pavement the Police have decided to turn a blind eye.
    The obvious question is “Why do cyclists feel the need to cycle on the pavement when it is slower and hard to do?” And the overwhelming answer is because they are intimidated and scared of being on the road, the obvious answer to this problem which will be solved in one stroke is to provide safe, segregated cycleways.

In summary, a cycleway should be built along the Chiswick High Road to save people like you and I who bike to and from work in Chiswick from serious harm and possible death.

So let’s build #CS9 along Chiswick High Road and make Chiswick a safer, quieter, greener space for all.

Have your say here – and vote yes:
its go-ahead depends on you.

Are you a Community Ghost?

Deborah Orr’s lovely article in the Guardian this week ‘Value your health: head for the inner city, and swerve the ‘burbs’ got me thinking. Her premise is that people who live in the Inner City are healthier than people, like me in Ealing, who live in the ‘burbs’.  The reason? Because people in the Inner Cities walk more.

The ‘burbs’ of Ealing have wonderful opportunities for walking and active transport so I feel that the ‘burbs’ can be just as healthy,  and certainly significantly more active than people who live in the countryside and rely on their car as the only form of transport.

Beyond the obvious and frequently stated advantages of active modes of transport (I’m grouping  walking and cycling  here) that could address a number of our nation’s ills in a stroke:

Personal benefits:  Walking and cycling reduces obesity, decreases high blood pressure,  and can often help with depression.

Physical benefits:  Walking and cycling substantially decreases air pollution (BBC).

Business benefits: Local shops thrive as people walk and cycle to them, rather than drive to supermarkets.

There’s also compelling evidence that there are substantial social benefits to active transport in the ‘burbs’ too.  The neighbours we all know in our community are the ones getting about by foot, the ones on their bikes, the ones who stop for a chat whilst walking their dogs. These are the people who are the heartbeat of their communities, encouraging social bonding, acting as the glue in our country. In fact when we examine the NHS’s ‘Five Steps to mental wellbeing’ we see that “To Connect” is number one.

It is impossible to connect with your neighbours in the ‘burbs’ if you walk out of your house straight into your car (that you obsessively) park directly outside your house.  There’s no opportunity for your paths to cross with others, no casual serendipitous encounters. Not only is this having a detrimental effect on ourselves, but also on our society as a whole.

I believe that millions of people missing out on these community micro-interactions means we are less likely to tolerate our neighbours and this is responsible for the increase in tension and hate across the country and online.  

This is a big part of Yuval Harari’s book “Sapiens”, where Yuval speculates that without the ability for humans to ‘gossip’ and interact frequently in their communities we wouldn’t have been as successful at colonising the world as we have been.

These vital micro (or as long as you like!) interactions that would have previously occurred as we walked out of homes to go to the local football game, left our houses dragging our kids on foot to the local primary school, or as we wandered down the road to pick up some food from the local shop: They’ve all been lost.

The good news is, they’re  actually still there. Just a small change in behaviour has meant I rarely spend a day without bumping into one of my friends or acquaintances from my social network by accident – making me really feel part of a network – connected in the real world.

So why not give it a go next time you go to pick up your car keys or maybe try a change in behaviour once a week and see how different it makes you feel – I guarantee it will make you feel healthier, happier, more connected and have better interactions with your friends and family.

Don’t be a community ghost.